UK: Supreme Court to rule on vegetative state case

For 25 years, the Court of Protection has decided the best interests of unconscious patients

The Supreme Court is due to rule on whether it should be easier to withdraw food and liquid to allow people in long-term vegetative states to die.

Thousands of people are believed to be in this state, although precise figures are not available.

The case concerns a banker in his fifties who suffered a heart attack and severe brain damage.

He has since died, but the case has continued to allow the court to make a ruling.

After his heart attack last year, the banker, known as Mr Y, was left in an unresponsive state with no prospect of improvement.

His family and his doctors agreed it would be in his best interests to withdraw his feeding tube and allow him to die.

For the last 25 years, such cases have been decided by the Court of Protection, which makes decisions on welfare issues for people who lack the mental capacity to do so themselves.

Vegetative state

  • A vegetative state is when a person is awake but is showing no signs of awareness. They may open their eyes, wake up and fall asleep at regular intervals and have basic reflexes. They’re also able to regulate their heartbeat and breathing without assistance
  • A person in a vegetative state doesn’t show any meaningful responses, such as following an object with their eyes or responding to voices. They also show no signs of experiencing emotions
  • Continuing – or persistent – vegetative state is when this happens for more than four weeks
  • Permanent vegetative state is defined as more than six months if caused by a non-traumatic brain injury, or more than 12 months if caused by a traumatic brain injury
  • If a person is diagnosed as being in a permanent vegetative state, recovery is extremely unlikely but not impossible

Source: NHS Choices

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